Almeida, faced with the need to modernize their obsolete medieval structures, dedicated himself after the Restoration (1641) to the construction of a renewed war machine that could adapt to new firearms (artillery) and allowed him to seal the border. The strong square is hexagonal, consisting of six bastions, which corresponds to the same number of ravelins. The intramural town preserves a significant number of buildings of military character, as well as a civil architecture of manifest interest.

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Certificate number: BDT 005/2018 RTI

About Almeida

Due to their situation on a plateau, the Arabs called it Al-Mêda (the Table), Talmeyda or Almeydan, having built a small Castle (8th-9th century).

In the period of the Reconquest, the Christians took it definitively in 1190, passing to the Portuguese possession with the Treaty of Alcanizes in 1297.

Noteworthy are the buildings of the former Artillery barracks, Vórius, Court, as well as the Church and Hospital of Mercy, with a chorister portal - examples of seventeenth-century architecture.

Its quality as a stronghold also marked the urbanism itself, with blocks intended to house the military, as in the case of the former Cavalry barracks. Worth noting is the Barracks of Esquadras, built in 1762/69 and the famous Casa da Roda - an institution created by Pina Manique in 1783 to collect the children exposed.

Forte de Almeida Square (17th / 18th century), the perfect example of baroque military architecture, is a fortress shaped like a hexagonal star in the style of the French engineer Antoine Deville.


Aldeias Históricas de Portugal