The diversity of habitats existing in the municipality of Mafra are the forests, pastures, scrub, water lines or beaches. Highlighting the Tapada Nacional de Mafra and the Ericeira World Surf Reserve.
Certificate number: In process
Built in the reign of King John V, after the construction of the convent of Mafra, as a leisure park for the King and his court, the Mafra National Hunting is a representative surrounding forest and natural designed with the main monument of the town.
It has 819 hectares fully protected by a historic wall with 21 kilometers in a space occupied almost entirely by a green mantle where cohabit freely populations of wildlife. In addition, there is a wide variety of flora in the perimeter of the Tapada.
The flora of the Tapada de Mafra, which has changed over time, includes species such as the cork oak, the pine wood and different varieties of oaks, as well as many types of shrubs. At least three specimens were classified as Public Interest trees: a chestnut-of-India; one olaia approximately 120 years; and a cork oak about 300 years.
As for fauna, birds are the most representative groups in Mafra National Hunting. We can find examples of Bonelli's Eagle, eagle owl, goshawk and short-toed eagle, as well as smaller-sized species. In areas along the rivers, we find salamanders, frogs, turtles and several species of snakes. As for mammals there are, among others, fallow deer, deer, wild boar, badgers and foxes.
Ericeira became World Surfing Reserve October 14, 2011, after consecration by the international organization Save the Waves Coalition. It was only the 2nd Reserve distinguished globally, remaining the only one in Europe to date.
The criteria that led to the official recognition were the quality and consistency of waves, the important history and local surf culture, wealth and environmental sensitivity of the area and also the strong community mobilization.
The Ericeira Surf World Reserve is part of the Municipality of Mafra, extending between the beaches of Empa and São Lourenço, a coastal strip that concentrates seven world-class waves in the space of only 4 Km: Pedra Branca, Reef, Ribeira d'Ilhas, Cave, Crazy Left, Coxos and St. Lawrence.
"The few kilometers covered by Reserve Ericeira are a true heritage of humanity" .